An instructional technique which assists children at all levels in reading for meaning and making use of contextual clues to make meaningful and grammatically correct word substitutions.
Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing (CSIW)
An instructional intervention that facilitates the development of the student’s knowledge base for writing and reading informational texts.
Copy, Cover, and Compare
A test-study strategy that is individually paced to teach the basic skills or knowledge for any given subject area in lower grade classrooms (K-2)
Corrective Spelling Through Morphographs
This method was designed to teach spelling skills, including a systematic procedure for the analysis of words, to students in grade 4 to 12.
Dialogue journals help children of all ages develop a natural awareness of the communicative purpose of reading and writing as they participate in written “conversations” with the teacher over an extended period of time.
Direct Spelling Instruction
This formal program is aimed at increasing the repertoire of correctly spelled words for students in grade 2 to 8.
A technique using different types of visual frames to represent and organize learning information. Graphic organizers help to sort out and expand thinking skills and thought processes.
Handwriting Without Tears
A program designed to develop good penmanship and ability to express oneself using written language in young children. It employs many multi-sensory techniques and is suitable for children of all abilities, including special needs children and children for whom English is a second language.
This program was designed to teach children in grades kindergarten through 2 how to read, write, and spell using a systematic multisensory phonics approach.
Kerrigan’s Integrated Method
This method is used to develop the grade 7 through university student’s ability to produce well written themes. The emphases are on theme and topic sentences, paragraph formation, and the use of transitional phrases in the second and third sentences to link them to preceding paragraphs.
Mind mapping software is used to create a visual depiction of relationships between ideas or other pieces of information. It is also known as brainstorming. Shapes, colours, lines, arrows and images can be used to organize ideas.
A text-to-speech (TTS) software program that allows text to be scanned onto the computer and then converted into speech, providing students with the tools they need to improve their reading speed and comprehension, and features that allow them to learn and study independently.
Mnemonic Devices as Writing Tools (MDWT)
MDWT assists students to remember strategies used in the organization and editing of written work.
Orton Gillingham Approach
This technique was developed to improve spelling in children in grade 2 to 12 through the association of seeing how words look, hearing how they sound, and feeling how words are produced.
Paragraph writing is a succinct five sentence plan to assist students in grade 4 to high school produce a paragraph.
Pattern writing enables students at all levels to model their writing on a presented literary work or syntactical style. It provides opportunities for extensions of personal writing.
Process Writing was designed to encourage children at all levels to communicate their own written messages while simultaneously developing their own literacy skills in speaking and reading.
Self-Correction Spelling Strategies
This method of teaching spelling encourages students in grade two and beyond to check and correct their own work on a daily basis. The emphasis is on the orthography of letters and the goal is to improve spelling to a level of mastery.
Self-Regulated Strategy Developmenty (SRSD)
SRSD is designed to teach strategies for accomplishing writing tasks as well as procedures for regulating these strategies to students in grades 4 through 8.
Semantic Webbing helps students at all levels organize information and relationships in a visual display. It assists in comprehension and concept attainment and in setting of purpose for reading through prediction.
Survey, Question, Read, (w)Rite, Review (SQ3R)
SQ3R is a five step methods devised by Robinson (1961) to assist students in Grade 7 and up in reading a chapter or article for comprehension or study purposes.
A software program used with standard Windows word processing software to assist individuals of all ages with writing and spellings difficulties.
Writing to Read 2000 (WTR 2000)
WTR 2000 is a computer-based instructional system designed to introduce children in grades kindergarten through 4 to reading and writing.
A text-to-speech software tool designed for students with reading and writing difficulties which functions as a word processing and studying tool that allows students the opportunity to transform the written word into spoken language.